What is diabetes ?

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You need to read this article first: Is diabetes related to Alzheimer’s?

A condition that went from being mortal until the beginning of the 20th century. In a healthy organism, insulin – the hormone that the pancreas produces – helps the glucose (sugar) in the blood between the cells of the tissues and the organs of the rest of the body; it is, to put it in some way, the one in charge of which the sugar that we eat is transformed in the energy that the cells spend in the different activities during the day. When the body does not produce enough insulin or the one that does not work well, it is when diabetes develops.

The main symptoms of diabetes include a lot of thirsts, a lot of hunger, continuous urination and weight loss, although others may occur such as blurred vision, tingling in the hands and feet. Because of the symptoms, the cause and the people affected, there are two main types: type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes.

Type 1 Diabetes: The immune system destroys the cells of the pancreas and, as a result, the body itself does not produce enough insulin for blood glucose to be used by the body. The only treatment is through insulin injections.

Type 2 diabetes: It is more common than type 1, although it seems to relate to those who are obese. Here insulin is produced but frequently it does not work well (that is why it is sometimes said that there is insulin resistance that occurs, at least when the disease starts). The good news is that not all people who suffer from it should take medication. Many times it is possible to keep control of symptoms and blood sugar with a healthy lifestyle (such as regular exercise and a healthy and balanced diet) and losing weight (always under medical supervision).

4) Essential care for the diabetic

Diet: Regardless of any treatment your doctor may recommend, a key part of treating diabetes is a diet. That is why it is recommended to follow a healthy diet that reduces the risk of heart disease:

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